PETC: Haustier Katze, Pet cat
  • Getty AAT
  • Felis domesticus
  • Felis domesticus
  • domestic cat
  • domestic cats
  • house cats
  • house cat
  • cats
  • Felis domestica
  • Felis catus
  • Domesticated member of the genus Felis, rising from a line that developed 70,000/100,000 years ago. Domesticated in Egypt ca. 2,000 BCE, in Cyprus by 9,500 years ago, earlier elsewhere in the Middle East. In some taxonomies, Felis domesticus and Felis sylvestris are the same species. Genetic evidence suggests that the domestic cat developed from an ancestor who also produced the subspecies of wild cat, Felis sylvestris lybica. The house cat appears to have been domesticated in the Middle East at a time when humans recognized its value in protecting fields and granaries from rodents. Egyptian affection and respect for the cat as predator led to the development of religious cat cults and temple worship of cats. Since tabby-like markings appear in the drawings and mummies of ancient Egyptian cats, present-day tabbies probably look much like the sacred cats of Egypt. The first known domestic variation on the wild tabby coloring was the black cat (which also occurs naturally in the wild, but not in great numbers). The darker tabby coat with thicker stripes and swirls probably first appeared in the Middle Ages, the coat pattern being an adaptation that helped the animal to hide better in the shadows of dark medieval streets. The tortoise shell coat probably developed in the 19th century, when the Victorians made cats beloved pets and bred them for color varieties and other characteristics. Until the recent genetic studies, some experts believed the domestic cat was a hybrid of Felis Sylvestris and an Egyptian forest cat that was more docile and also kept in some Egyptian temples.
  • Felis (genus) | Felidae (family) | Carnivora (order) | Mammalia (class) | Vertebrata (subphylum)
CHML Type
ID
PETC
Title set
Title
Haustier Katze
Title Language
DE
Title set
Title
Pet cat
Title Language
EN
Broader Term